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The Primary Treatment Types for Lung Cancer in Women



Below are the primary Lung Cancer Treatment types:

Surgery may be an option for people with early-stage lung cancer.

The surgeon usually removes only the part of the lung that contains cancer. Most people who have surgery for lung cancer will have the lobe of the lung that contains the cancer removed. This is a lobectomy. In some cases, the surgeon will remove the tumor along with less tissue than an entire lobe, or the surgeon will remove the entire lung. The surgeon also removes nearby lymph nodes.

The time it takes to heal after surgery is different for everyone. Your hospital stay may be a week or longer. It may be several weeks before you return to normal activities.

Radiation Therapy
Radiation therapy is an option for people with any stage of lung cancer:

People with early lung cancer may choose radiation therapy instead of surgery. After surgery, radiation therapy can be used to destroy any cancer cells that may remain in the chest.
In advanced lung cancer, radiation therapy may be used with chemotherapy. Radiation therapy can be used to help shrink a tumor that is blocking the airway. Radiation therapy can be used to
help relieve pain from lung cancer that has spread to the bones or other tissues. Radiation therapy is often used to treat lung cancer that has spread to the brain.
The radiation comes from a large machine. The machine aims high-energy rays at your body to kill cancer cells. The treatment affects cells only in the area being treated, such as the chest area.

You'll go to a hospital or clinic for treatment. Treatments are usually 5 days a week for about 6 weeks. Each treatment
session usually lasts less than 20 minutes.

Although radiation therapy is painless, it may cause other side effects. The side effects depend mainly on how much radiation is given and the part of your body that is treated. Ask your health care team to describe the side effects that you might expect during or after radiation therapy.
It's common for the skin in the chest area to become red and dry and to get darker. Sometimes the skin may feel tender or itchy. You're likely to become tired during radiation therapy, especially in the later weeks of treatment. Although getting enough rest is important, most people say they feel better when they exercise every day. Try to go for a short walk, do gentle stretches, or yoga.

Proton Therapy
With proton therapy for lung cancer, treatments typically take about 15 to 30 minutes each day and are delivered five days a week for approximately four to seven weeks. The course of treatment and length of time per treatment each day varies based on each patient’s individual case. Most patients tolerate the treatments extremely well and are able to continue to work and exercise during their treatment course and immediately after their treatment is complete.

Chemotherapy may be used alone, with radiation therapy, or after surgery.

Chemotherapy uses drugs to kill cancer cells. The drugs for lung cancer are usually given directly into a vein (intravenously) through a thin needle. You'll probably receive chemotherapy in a clinic or at the doctor's office. People rarely need to stay in the hospital during treatment.
The side effects depend mainly on which drugs are given and how much. Chemotherapy kills fast-growing cancer cells, but the drugs can also harm normal cells that divide rapidly:
Blood cells: When drugs lower the levels of healthy blood cells, you're more likely to get infections, bruise or bleed easily, and feel very weak and tired. Your health care team will check for low levels of blood cells. If your levels are low, your health care team may stop the chemotherapy for a while or reduce the dose of the drug. There are also medicines that can help your body make new blood cells.
Cells in hair roots: Chemotherapy may cause hair loss. If you lose your hair, it will grow back after treatment, but the color and texture may be changed.
Cells that line the digestive tract: Chemotherapy can cause a poor appetite, nausea and vomiting, diarrhea, or mouth and lip sores. Your health care team can give you medicines and suggest other ways to help with these problems.

Targeted Therapy
People with non-small cell lung cancer that has spread may receive a type of treatment called targeted therapy. Several kinds of targeted therapy are used for non-small cell lung cancer. One kind is used only if a lab test on the cancer tissue shows a certain gene change. Targeted therapies can block the growth and spread of lung cancer cells.

Depending on the kind of drug used, targeted therapies for lung cancer are given intravenously or by mouth. The drug enters the bloodstream and can affect cancer cells all over the body.

During treatment, your health care team will watch you for side effects. You may get a skin rash, diarrhea, or mouth sores, or you may feel very tired. Other possible side effects include shortness of breath, belly pain, high blood pressure, vomiting, and swollen feet and hands. The side effects usually go away after treatment ends.

What are targeted cancer therapies?
Targeted cancer therapies are drugs or other substances that block the growth and spread of cancer by interfering with specific molecules involved in tumor growth and progression. Because scientists often call these molecules “molecular targets,” targeted cancer therapies are sometimes called “molecularly targeted drugs,” “molecularly  targeted therapies,” or other similar names. By focusing on molecular and cellular changes that are specific to cancer, targeted cancer therapies may be more effective than other types of treatment, including chemotherapy and radiotherapy, and less harmful to normal cells.

For more information click     to connect to the Nation Cancer Institute